• Juliane Klingenberg Nery2019-09-05 at 18:08



    Here is an additional video on pronunciation:



    Viele Grüße,


    • aliabi2020-02-01 at 06:23

      Hallo Julane,

      Thank you so much for such helpful explanation.

      I’m not sure but I hear also the “r” in “er” and “ihr” pronounced a bit differently. In “er”, I hear it like the “a”  in “apple”, whereas in “ihr” I hear it like the “u” in “bus”. I have the same feeling for the two groups of words listed below:

      1-er, der, werde, sehr, ober, oder, über, teuer, mehr, fair, Lehrer, Virtuell, hört, organisiert ….

      2-ihr, wir, dir, vor, Urlaub, Tür, Tier, Bier, Viertel, vier, Tour, vorbei, vorbereiten…

      Do I hear them correctly or the “r” is pronounced in all of them exactly the same?

      Vielen Dank,


  • pr3yanka2019-08-10 at 13:35

    Hi Juliane.

    Just wanted to confirm my understanding of “Sie/ sie”

    Sie – Formal you (singular)

    sie – she (singular)

    sie – they (informal) – plural

    sie – they (Formal) – plural

    Is that right?

    Many thanks

    • Juliane Klingenberg Nery2019-08-10 at 22:36

      Hi Priyanka,




      Sie – Formal you (singular)

      sie – she (singular)

      sie – they (informal) – plural

      Sieyou (Formal) – plural


      Bis bald,


  • Shubh2018-03-23 at 05:52

    I am revising this lesson.
    I am assuming “ihr” is used when we are talking to someone directly.It can be used as a form of respect (formal) while talking to the individual and to the group of people too. And Sie (They) is used indirect i.e. when we are talking about someone else .Talking about the third person to the second person.
    Is this correct?


    • Juliane Klingenberg Nery2018-03-23 at 09:40

      Hello Shubh,


      not quite. This is how it is:


      du – talking directly to one person, informal

      ihr – talking directly to several people, informal

      Sie – talking directly to one person or several people, formal

      sie – talking about one female person or object

      sie – talking about several people or objects


      When these pronouns are at the beginning of the sentence, they are all capitalized. In the middle of the sentence, only the polite, formal form is capitalized.


      Bis bald,


      • Shubh2018-03-23 at 14:43

        Oh Okay. Thank you

  • Madhu_042018-02-28 at 21:09

    Hi Juliane,

    Since ihr and Sie are used for a group of people. How to distinguish when to use what?



    • Juliane Klingenberg Nery2018-02-28 at 21:23

      Hello Madhuri,

      it depends on whether you would say the informal “du” to each one of the people in the group, or the formal “Sie”. If the group is mixed and you are really addressing everybody, you should go with “Sie”. But let’s say, if you are a teacher, talking to a group of school children, and there is one other teacher in the room, I would go with “ihr”. It depends a bit on the individual situation. If you are not sure what to use, go with “Sie”.

      Viele Grüße und bis bald,


  • Richard2017-12-10 at 04:33

    I found that I was pronouncing the “r” a bit in er and wir.  Thanks for applying your obvious experience with English-speaking students as reflected in the subtle observations and corrections that you build in to your lessons, Juliane.

    • Juliane Klingenberg Nery2017-12-10 at 19:59

      Danke, Richard.

      One of the things in the pipeline for later is the addition of some pronunciation videos.

      Viele Grüße,